Tips on Summarizing In academic writing, there are a few things to keep in mind when summarizing outside sources:
Summarizing a Research Article in 5 Steps May 25, - Posted to Writing Research articles usually use standard formats to communicate in a clear manner any kind of information regarding an experiment.
A good research article would usually contain a title, an abstract, an introduction, the methodology, the results, a discussion and some references. When you have to write a summary for research paper, you will need to know how to proceed from start to finish.
Every detail is important if you want to come up with a good article summary in a due course. If you want to make a review that you can, later on, read again and remind yourself of the content of the article, you may want to make your summary a slighter longer one.
However, if the summary was written with the purpose of being included in a paper that you are currently writing, you may want to stick to how that certain article relates to your paper. Scan the Article Before you start reading the entire article, you need to scan it for content first.
Briefly, go over the article and look at each of its sections to find: The reason for doing the research and the question stated usually found in the introduction The hypothesis or hypotheses that were tested in the article also in the introduction How they tested the hypothesis found in the methodology What the findings were look for them in the results How those findings were interpreted found in the discussion When scanning with the purpose of writing summary papers, each key sentence should be underlined or written in the margin of the article.
The abstract may be able to help identify some of the points; still, you cannot rely solely on it since the information is very condensed and you can miss certain key aspects.
Read the Article Once you finished scanning your article, you need to read it thoroughly next.
Take each section and read it several times, considering your highlighted notes. As you read with the purpose of writing a summary for research paper, ask yourself the following questions: How does the design address the issues of the research? What is the contribution of this study in answering the main question?
Are the results convincing or surprising? What aspects did they still leave unanswered? When you feel like you can explain this study to someone else who has yet to read the article, then you are ready to start writing about it.
Be careful to take notes in your own words so that you can avoid plagiarism in your summary papers. Write the Summary Just like the abstract, the purpose of a summary for research paper will be to give the audience a brief overview of what that study says.
You will need to find out what information is relevant and explain it briefly but thoroughly. All first drafts of your summary papers should follow the order of the original article. Having said that, the structure would look something like this: State the hypotheses that were tested.
Describe the methods in a few paragraphs participants, design, procedure, materials, independent and dependent variables, how they analyzed the data Talk about the results and explain why they were significant.
The results and their interpretation should be directly related to the hypothesis. This first draft of writing the summary for research paper should be focused on content rather than length.
The chances are that it will need further condensing, but that will be left for the next step. Edit Your Summary Most of the time, a research summary will end up being too long, and will need further condensing.
Try to avoid any generalities, and keep your summary papers concise, focused. At the same time, the paper will need to be edited for style your readers need to be able to understand you.
To make it look smart, you need to:Summary in Paper (APA) Polivy and Herman () noted that we still do not know how or why sociocultural influences like the media contribute to some individuals developing eating disorders while others do not.
Follow these 3 steps to learn about the basics of how to write an annotated bibliography. Step 1: Cite your source in proper APA, MLA, or other required citation style Each of your entries will begin with a full bibliographic entry.
Writing a Summary Paper in APA Style Faced with a long document, readers are either going to skim and try to take in the information or they can begin by reading the author's summary. Reading the much shorter summary especially in an academic setting is a good way to see the focus of the paper without reading the entire document first.
How to Write a Summary With thanks to: Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feat. Academic Writing for Graduate Students, Here are some preliminary steps in writing a summary.
1. Skim the text, noting in your mind the subheadings.
If there are no subheadings, try to divide the text into sections. Consider why you have been . What this handout is about.
This handout will explain why annotated bibliographies are useful for researchers, provide an explanation of what constitutes an annotation, describe various types of annotations and styles for writing them, and offer multiple examples of annotated bibliographies in the MLA, APA, and CBE/CSE styles of citation.
APA stands for the American Psychological attheheels.com’ll most likely use APA format if your paper is on a scientific topic. Many behavioral and social sciences use APA’s standards and guidelines.