As we will argue further along in this essay, wanting to come up with a definition of in our case cyberspace already implicitly conveys a set of presuppositions of what cyberspace might be. These are ontological presuppositions about the relation between technology and society, about nature versus culture and human versus nonhuman. Conversely, we suggest to approach describing cyberspace from a perspective of hybridity, in line with what Andrews Pickering calls an ontology of becoming. In our analysis of discourse of defining cyberspace, we focus on how military strategists and lawmakers have been struggling with the subject.
The space between war and peace, according to www. This is the second in a two-part series of an article written by Duggan, reprinted with permission from Cyber Defense Review, a professional forum for current and emerging research on cyber operation. The content of this article is directly related to a recent National Defense University- and U.
Special Operations Forces are Dynamic With every passing day, our hyper-connected landscape seems to produce a new class of threats, more technologically evolved than the last, harnessing the explosion of technology, information proliferation and network connectivity for ambiguous warfare.
From high-tech to low-tech, and from human-centric to techno-centric, USSOF will employ cyber-technologies as a means to directly or indirectly strengthen our global network of partners and amplify our unique capabilities exercised through a wide array of options.
USSOF will employ cyberspace as a means to better understand the passions which drive human action and behavior, and will use cyberspace as a vehicle to identify conflicts earlier, seize opportunities to steer, and potentially, tamp down violence.
USSOF will also generate new thinking and unconventional approaches to recruit people to noble causes, and use cyberspace as a means to engender the positive aspects of human behavior, such as decentralized and participatory action.
Using their access, placement and most importantly their influence, USSOF will help build holistic networks, which support national cyber-strategies and assist in weighing psychological and technical acts against the competing needs for secrecy and credible action.
Just like cyberspace, USSOF operations are not a monolithic enterprise dependent upon one tightly woven centralized system. Instead, USSOF operations resemble cyberspace itself, resiliently designed to leverage global networks riding across open architectures.
Meaning, USSOF can assemble, swarm, disaggregate or even replace one another, without disrupting the rest of the system. As with cyberspace, USSOF networks are a heterogeneous mix of joint, coalition and other partners whose operations can be scaled up or down to attack and defend human and information networks.
Similar to cyberspace, USSOF operations are not dependent on just a handful of brittle nodes, but operate across vibrant, expansive and living global networks. Most importantly, just like cyberspace, the true power of USSOF operations are the humans behind them.
SOF thrives in uncertainty In a recent speech, Director of National Intelligence DNIJames Clapper, stated that cyber threats to US national security are increasing in frequency, scale, sophistication and severity, and that sincehave "bumped terrorism out of the top spot on our list of national threats.
USSOF is specially trained for ambiguous conflict, and thrive in complex challenges, which do not always lend themselves to obvious approaches. Our national defense requires unconventional approaches to counter unconventional problems, so USSOF will not only employ new cyber-technologies, but more importantly, innovate new concepts and tactics to do it.
USSOF will fuse emerging capabilities into time-tested practice to create new solutions and provide new strategic opportunities for the nation. One example is envisioning options for future command and control relationships, such as the creation of a Special Operations Command-Cyberspace SOC-CYBER as a means to provide national strategic capabilities and specialized expertise no other DoD service can provide.
Keys to a Human Space USSOF operations provide keys to unlocking deeper understanding of human interactions in cyberspace and a means to contextualize the sociocultural, political and historical factors which all too frequently fuel strife.
Cultural intelligence equates to influential power,  and its instrumentality is driven by humans in cyberspace. Successfully navigating our hyper-connected world means better understanding its cultural landscape and requires blending emerging cyber-technology with unconventional approaches.
Despite attempts to conceal their actions, USSOF can find points of leverage in the cultural details to influence strategic outcomes with cyber capabilities. It is increasingly important to correctly interpret events, information and disinformation, so that USSOF can more accurately influence outcomes in any environment, in any situation, no matter the actor.
Although it is clearly an uncertain world, USSOF will use their cultural expertise in building cyber-partnerships to better assess partner realities, strengths and vulnerabilities,  and ensure USSOF provide culturally attuned security assistance.
Additionally, USSOF will evaluate the social and economic factors shaping partner circumstance, to ensure they provide culturally compatible means and solutions for partners to solve their own problems, once USSOF depart.
Conclusion The contradictory nature of cyberspace will continue to shape our lives, as it does our national security. See the full article, complete with cited references, here:Reality, Misunderstood Day by day cyberspace is becoming a more intricate part of our society.
As it does, we rely on it more to manage finances, research, and to communicate. Communication in cyberspace has developed a new community for people around the world.
An Analysis of the Day By Day Cyberspace Which is Becoming a More Intricate Part of Our Society. 1, words. 2 pages. A Review of the Abortion Case 'Roe vs. Wade' words. 1 page. An Opinion of a Misogynist.
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An Analysis of the Basic Idea of Monasticism. words. 1 page. Cyberpower, as we use the term in this book, is the ability to use cyberspace to strategic advantage and to influence events in the other operational environments and across the instruments of power.
Oct 01, · Human life is becoming more advanced and safer day by day. Human efforts are replaced with machines which can perform work accurately, precisely and safely. The idea of a robot to provide assistance either in the home, office or in more hostile environments (e.g. bomb-disposal or nuclear reactors) has existed for many years and such systems.
1. understand history and relate it to our personal situations in a specific time period 2. relate history and biography 3. shift perspectives of society (ex= political-psychological). Analysis Anatomy of a Cyber Attack Cybersecurity is an increasingly important risk vector that impacts every facet of society.
Day by day, businesses and even individuals are finding.