An introduction to the analysis of military standards

Doing it right the first time Restrictive and nonrestrictive dependent clauses When referring to clauses, the terms "essential" and "nonessential" are interchangeable with the more commonly used terms "restrictive" and "nonrestrictive.

An introduction to the analysis of military standards

Friedl Excessive body fat connotes a lack of personal discipline, detracts from military appearance, [and] may indicate a poor state of health, physical fitness, or stamina. ARIntroduction The primary intent of physical standards in the military has always been to select soldiers best suited to the physical demands of military service.

This standard has usually meant the selection of soldiers who at least looked as though they could carry loads and fight well. Currently, body fat standards are part of the U. Army's fitness emphasis to ensure that forces ''possess the stamina and endurance to fight in extreme climatic and terrain environments'' Study of the Military Services Physical Fitness, For most of the past century, weight-for-height has been a key physical discriminator of a recruit's fitness for military service, but until recently, these standards were used only to exclude underweight candidates.

Weight-for-height standards were relevant when a sizable proportion of draftees and volunteers were malnourished, tuberculous, or had parasitic diseases; underweight was a good marker of such individuals who were clearly unsuited to the physical demands of the military.

The need for height-weight standards has diminished as the importance of these diseases has diminished.

AMSARA - Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity

In addition to advances in health care, improved nutrition over the past century has produced increases in the mean height, weight, and fat-free mass of soldiers Table Karpinos, However, improved nutrition has also increased the importance of health risks at the other extreme of body size, with excessive fatness due to overnutrition.

Although tuberculosis was a leading cause of death in the early s, the leading cause of death in was heart disease Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health, Prompted by these health trends and the current national obsession with body fat and fitness, the principal target of physical standards in the Army has shifted from underweight to overfat soldiers.

The use of these standards has also changed from simple entry selection criteria to standards that must be maintained throughout an Army career by appropriate nutrition and exercise. Army Weight Control Program ARand the objectives of this regulation will be outlined here, as well as earlier policies and how the Army arrived at the current policy, standards, and method of assessment.

From this historical review it will be evident that in the last decade, two important considerations have been dropped, possibly inadvertently, from the current standards: Policy And Goals All soldiers, regardless of rank, are weighed at 6-month intervals to demonstrate that they are below tabled height-weight limits divided by gender and into four age categories.

Soldiers exceeding these screening weight standards are assessed at the unit company level for body fat by an Army-developed circumference method, which is described below. If a soldier exceeds fat standards prescribed by gender and age, the unit commander must enter the individual in the U.

Army Weight Control Program. The commander is required to provide motivational programs to the soldier, including nutrition education sessions and exercise programs.

As additional incentive to achieve the standards, the soldier's records are flagged to prevent: A medical evaluation is required for a soldier being considered for separation to ensure that the overfatness is not due to an underlying illness.

An introduction to the analysis of military standards

A soldier is cleared from the program only by achieving the body fat standard by the Army circumference method. The upper limits of permissible body fat are shown in Table An Analysis of Hazing in the Military - Thesis This paper aims to provide a brief history of the ethical issues of hazing in the military.

Both courses examine the role of intelligence in the policy process and then offer an introduction to analytic skills, beginning with critical thinking and reading, writing analysis, and preparing and presenting successful briefings.

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The introduction of physical standards for women may have caused the demise of chest circumference and mobility standards. After World War II, the preoccupation with underweight recruits remained.

This emphasis was again clear in a study by the eugenicist Ernest Hooton who was contracted by the Army to somatotype 40, separatees and to establish common associations within their former military . The Department of Defense (DoD) is the largest employer in the United States, with a current active-duty enlisted military force of million.

The goal for new active-duty recruits in is approximately , The central concern in force management is ensuring that there are sufficient. Apr 01,  · (amsara) Purpose Our primary activities are managing the Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity (AMSARA) efforts in support of evidence-based DoD medical standards and developing collaborations to conduct epidemiologic research using unique military resources to benefit the health of our military and civilian populations.

1 Introduction to Standards and Specifications for Design in Mechanics or Strength of Materials Georginna Lucas and Lisa Hatcher Purpose The purpose of this introduction to specifications for design is (1) to make users aware of various.

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