Generally, argumentative essays focus on topics that are prone to attract controversy, academic discourse and partisanship. Common argumentative essay topics include issues such as euthanasia, capital punishment, abortions and animal testing. An argumentative essay should not be a unilateral rant.
Summary[ edit ] Singer's central argument is an expansion of the utilitarian idea that "the greatest good" is the only measure of good or ethical behavior. He argues that there is no reason not to apply this principle to other animals.
Although Singer rejects rights as a moral concept independent from his utilitarianism based on interests, he accepts rights as derived from utilitarian principles, particularly the principle of minimizing suffering.
He holds the interests of all beings capable of suffering to be worthy of equal consideration and that giving lesser consideration to beings based Animal testing essay their species is no more justified than discrimination based on skin color.
He argues that animals rights should be based on their capacity to feel pain more than on their intelligence.
In particular, he argues that while animals show lower intelligence than the average human, many severely intellectually challenged humans show equally diminished, if not lower, mental capacity and that some animals have displayed signs of intelligence for example, primates learning elements of American sign language and other symbolic languages sometimes on a par with that of human children.
Therefore, intelligence does not provide a basis for giving nonhuman animals any less consideration than such intellectually challenged humans. He also condemns vivisection except where the benefit in terms of improved medical treatment, etc. Activist Ingrid Newkirk wrote of Animal Liberation, "It forever changed the conversation about our treatment of animals.
It made people—myself included—change what we ate, what we wore, and how we perceived animals. It's had effects around the margins, of course, but they have mostly been minor.
When I wrote it, I really thought the book would change the world.
I know it sounds a little grand now, but at the time the sixties still existed for us. It looked as if real changes were possible, and I let myself believe that this would be one of them. All you have to do is walk around the corner to McDonald's to see how successful I have been.
In a lengthy debate in Slate MagazineRichard Posner wrote that Singer failed to see the "radicalism of the ethical vision that powers [his] view on animals, an ethical vision that finds greater value in a healthy pig than in a profoundly intellectually challenged child, that commands inflicting a lesser pain on a human being to avert a greater pain to a dog, and that, provided only that a chimpanzee has 1 percent of the mental ability of a normal human being, would require the sacrifice of the human being to save chimpanzees.
Personal background[ edit ] In an essay entitled "Animal Liberation: A Personal View", Singer describes the personal background that led to his adoption of the views he sets out in Animal Liberation.
He writes of how he arrived in Oxford in Octoberand in had lunch with a fellow graduate student, Richard Keshen, who avoided meat. This led Singer to inquire as to why. Singer then read Ruth Harrison 's book, Animal Machines, as well as a paper by Roslind Godlovitch who would later co-edit Animals, Men and Moralswhich convinced him to become a vegetarian and to take animal suffering seriously as a philosophical issue.A thorough approach is needed for a correct diagnosis of any liver problem.
An organ like the liver that is so intimately involved with other important organs will exhibit symptoms that mimic disease in these other organs. For human health. Medical research has saved and improved the lives of millions of people.
Animals have benefited too.
Today's medicines and surgical techniques could not have been discovered without better understanding of disease and the way the body works - the result of basic research programmes in universities, hospitals and research .
Testing on highly evolved species at best is still attheheels.comg undercover footage of torture and flat out animal abuse in Canada at ITR Laboratories is quite another. Conclusion. The essay conclusion is necessary to reiterate the thesis statement and it enables the reader to remember and recall the highlighted points by means of a review.
It is not intended to plainly regurgitate the thesis statement; rather, it strengthens the argument made in light of the evidence provided in the body. Welcome to Tanzania Bureau of Standards. Tanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS) was established under the Ministry of Industry and Trade by an Act of Parliament, the Standards Act No.3 of as the National Standards Institute and became operational in April Animal Cruelty on Farms - It is so easy to become complacent in our sheltered world and to turn the other cheek to the violence and misery that our every life decision can perpetrate, and that the majority of the country (mostly unknowingly) buys into.