The root words are archein, which means "original or old"; and typos, which means "pattern, model or type".
There is a great deal of variety in the imagery of these structures, but tame animals and wise rulers are common in structures analogical to the apocalyptic analogy of innocencewhile predatory aristocrats and masses living in squalor characterize analogy to the demonic analogy of experience.
Frye then identifies the mythical mode with the apocalyptic, the ironic with the demonic, and the romantic and low mimetic with their respective analogies.
The high mimeticthen, occupies the center of all four. This ordering allows Frye to place the modes in a circular structure and point to the cyclical nature of myth and archetypes. In this setting, literature represents the natural cycle of birth, growth, maturity, decline, death, resurrectionrebirth, and the repetition of the cycle.
The remainder of the chapter deals with the cycle of the four seasons as embodied by four mythoi: Theory of Genres"[ edit ] In the first three essays, Frye deals mainly with the first three elements of Aristotle's elements of poetry i.
In the fourth Archetypal approach essay, he explores the last three elements: It may be referred to as diction ear or imagery eye depending on the critical focus. Frye identifies the connection as such: The world of individual thought and idea has a correspondingly close connection with the eye.
Rhetoric means two things: Rhetorical criticism, then, is the exploration of literature in the light of melos, opsis, and their interplay as manifested in lexis. The radical of presentation—the relation or idealized relation between author and audience—is a further consideration.
Difference in genre relies not on topical considerations science fiction, romance, mysterynor in length e. As such, Frye proposes a total of four distinct genres: These four genres form the organizing principle of the essay, first examining the distinctive kind of rhythm of each, then looking at specific forms of each more closely.
As Frye describes each genre, he explains the function of melos and opsis in each. To understand Frye's melos, it is important to note[ according to whom? He contends that the common usage of the term is inaccurate for purposes of criticism, drawn from analogy with harmony, a stable relationship.
Music, however, does not consist of a plastic, static, continuously stable relationship, but rather a series of dissonances resolving at the end into a stable relationship.
Poetry containing little dissonance, then, has more in common with the plastic arts than with music. The original presentation of the epic was ta epe that which is spokenand when an author, speaker, or storyteller addresses a visible audience directly, we have epos.
The rhythm of epos is that of recurrence i. These are the rhythms most commonly associated with poetry.
Part of the difficulty comes from fact that this is the only of the four genres which has no precedent in antiquity. He acknowledges having used the term previously in a different sense.
In this essay, the term refers to literature in which the author addresses the audience through a book, or more simply stated, prose. The rhythm of prose is that of continuity of meaning. Drama lies halfway between epos and fiction, or more accurately, its diction must fit the setting and the character.
Some characters may be melos-oriented, speaking in meter or with various rhetorical effects in song and banter. Others may be opsis-oriented, speaking more in prose and conveying ideological content.
Most characters alternate according to the dramatic situation. Such a marriage of the appropriate language with the character and setting ethos defines a rhythm of decorum, the distinctive rhythm of drama.Myth is ubiquitous in time as well as place: it is a dynamic factor everywhere in human society; transcending time, uniting the past (traditional modes of belief) with the present (current values) and reaching toward the future (spiritual and cultural aspirations).
They are collective and communal belonging to the people. Archetypal Criticism in The Road by Cormac McCarthy Essay Words | 7 Pages Archetypal criticism follows a basic rule of categorizing or relating any work of literature into a set framework.
- When analyzing literature from an archetypal perspective, one does not simply look at the character’s behavior in that literary piece. Rather, when using the archetypal theory, one connects the traits and actions of the characters in the literary work, the settings, the surroundings, and the situations to a familiar type of literary character.
This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
Archetypal Characters in Sir Gawain and Madame Ragnelle Essay - Sir Gawain and Madame Ragnelle is a short story containing different archetypal characters. From the start of the story it already gave an overview of the main problem. Words to consider as we prepare to take a closer look at Carl Jung’s unique view of the human condition as expressed in the Jung’s Individuation attheheels.com have been similar undertakings into the minds of Freud, Rogers, Adler and other forefathers of modern psychology.