Consider the sentence, My first-year philosophy professor was informative, lively, and a source of inspiration. Notice that the first two phrases in the a, b, and c construction are adjectives, while the third is a noun phrase.
Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. When writing a list, every item starts with the same type of verb or noun, adjective or adverb format. We went running, biking, swimming, and fishing.
We walked, jumped and skipped on the way.
We drove to the lake, mountains, desert and beach all in one day. She had purple, silver-tipped, spiky hair. Lovingly, graciously and generously, she helped us out. Source What is Faulty parallelism Parallelism? Faulty parallelism in a sentence is when you are writing a list of things and mix up verb forms to run, jumping, played.
Samantha likes to run, jumping around in the backyard and played with her friend Jorge yesterday. Samantha likes running and jumping around in her backyard; in fact, yesterday she played there with her friend Jorge.
Another problem is mixing up a list of nouns and verbs a ball, to jump, running outside. Henry likes a ball, to jump and running outside. Henry likes balls and likes jumping and running outside. Mixed up adjectives or adverb forms can also be a problem: Grandpa walked carefully, in a slow way, and halted a lot.
Grandpa walked carefully, slowly and haltingly. Easy Exercises Re-write the following sentences so that each has a list using the same verb or noun form. Sample answers are below.
The English teacher spoke in a nasal tone, unpleasantly, but conveying the information clearly and was funny. The coach told his players that they should get plenty of water, to not eat sugary snacks, and being sure they are getting plenty of sleep. Benefits of coaching include: At the party, my sister helped us make the cake, gathering the kids for games, clean up and to drive some kids home.
Exercises that I enjoy doing are marathon running, to swim lengths in a pool, riding my bicycle in the park, and to walk along the trails in a forest. We must either change the laws about drunk driving or it will be necessary to start enforcing them more strictly.
The protestors were gathering outside, held signs, starting to shout loudly and stopped the speaker from being heard. My sister-in-law loves fad diets and has tried: To my horror, my wedding dress looked stained, torn and it had wrinkles.
Our latest math instructor was enthusiastic, cracked a lot of jokes, is demanding, and failed half the class.
There is more than one way to correct the sentences above and that is true for faulty sentences in your own papers. While just changing the faulty verbs is sometimes the answer, at time you need to completely re-do the sentence by Re-arranging the words.
Using a semi-colon to make two sentences connected together. Putting extra information in parenthesis. Sample Answers Here are some sample answers to the exercises above with the parallel elements in bold: The English teacher had unpleasant, nasal tone, but conveyed the information clearly and humorously.
The coach told his players to get plenty of water, not eat sugary snacks and be sure they get plenty of sleep. At the party, my sister helped us make the cake, gathered the kids for games, cleaned up the mess, and drove some kids home.
Exercises I enjoy doing are running marathons, swimming lengths in a pool, riding my bicycle in the park and walking along the trails in a forest. We must either change the laws about drunk driving or start enforcing them more strictly.
The protesters gathered outside, held signs, started shouting loudly and stopped the speaker from being heard. To my horror, my wedding dress looked stained, torn, and wrinkled.
Our latest math instructor was enthusiastic, joking, and demanding; in fact, she failed half of the class. John, Dallas, hairbrush, love.Below, Grammarly has found a faulty parallelism: The student has written the following: In the grand scheme of things everyone’s emotions get in the way of objective, to think, testing, and judging.
This sentence contains a list (objective, to think, testing, and judging). Faulty parallelism is a construction in which two or more parts of a sentence are equivalent in meaning but not grammatically similar in form. By contrast, proper parallelism "is the placement of equal ideas in words, phrases, or clauses of similar types," notes Prentice Hall, an education materials and textbook publisher.
Faulty parallelism is a construction in which two or more parts of a sentence are equivalent in meaning but not grammatically similar in form.
By contrast, proper parallelism "is the placement of equal ideas in words, phrases, or clauses of similar types," notes Prentice Hall, .
Printable PDF Version Fair-Use Policy. What is faulty parallelism? Look out for faulty parallelism whenever you use one of the following constructions. Faulty parallelism in writing can happen when using lists or pairs of words and phrases. Words or phrases should match in structure and format to avoid faulty parallelism and choppy writing.
Learn more in this lesson. The faulty parallelism in the following sentence is easy to detect once you place boxes around the two elements of the not only but also construction: My philosophy professor not only demonstrated how to reason persuasively a but also how to avoid logical fallacies b.