A graphic organizer can arrange and order a large amount of content into smaller chunks of information, making it easier for students to understand the information. Or, in writing, the graphic organizers help students to organize jumbled ideas into a cohesive paragraph, essay, report, story, etc. Graphic organizers can be found all over the Internet. Free graphic organizers are sometimes PDF files and usually there is not any explanation on how to use them.
Briefly discuss how this research paper works to answer the question, How does color affect mood? The example helps students clearly see how a research question leads to a literature review, which in turn leads to analysis, original research, results, and conclusion.
Pass out copies of the Research Paper Scaffold. Explain to students that the procedures involved in writing a research paper follow in order, and each section of the scaffold builds upon the previous one. Briefly describe how each section will be completed during subsequent sessions.
The most important strategy in using this model is that students be allowed, within the assigned topic framework, to ask their own research questions. Introduce the characteristics of a good research question. Explain that in a broad area such as political science, psychology, geography, or economics, a good question needs to focus on a particular controversy or perspective.
Why did Martin Luther King Jr. How has glass affected human culture? What is the history of cheerleading? Explain that students should take care not to formulate a research question so broad that it cannot be answered, or so narrow that it can be answered in a sentence or two.
Note that a good question always leads to more questions. Invite students to suggest additional questions resulting from the examples above and from the Example Research Paper Scaffold. Emphasize that good research questions are open-ended. Open-ended questions can be solved in more than one way and, depending upon interpretation, often have more than one correct answer, such as the question, Can virtue be taught?
Closed questions have only one correct answer, such as, How many continents are there in the world? Open-ended questions are implicit and evaluative, while closed questions are explicit.
This question is too narrow for a five-page paper as it can be answered in just a few words. How does color affect mood? Instruct students to fill in the first section of the Research Paper Scaffold, the Research Question, before Session 2.
This task can be completed in a subsequent class session or assigned as homework. Allowing a few days for students to refine and reflect upon their research question is best practice. Explain that the next section, the Hook, should not be filled in at this time, as it will be completed using information from the literature search.Middle Level Language Arts Curriculum Resources Division of Learning Services September OOOOutlining Your Conclusion Paragraphutlining Your Conclusion Paragraph Summary Sentence (begin with transition word & sum up the 3 main points).
research papers can be categorized by cause/effect relationships, comparisons, persuasive appeals, problem/solution, qualities of an object, etc.
Commentary: specific opinions expressed by the student about each concrete detail. Research Project Guide A Handbook for Teachers and Students Middle School Research Process Big6: (1) Task Definition • Use the sample planning sheets, graphic note taking organizers, documentation sheets, product ideas, and evaluation forms included in this guide.
Young researchers, such as elementary and middle school students really struggle to use note cards when researching and writing a research paper. This graphic organizer can help students take research notes without have note cards falling all over the floor or getting lost.
Graphic Organizers for Education Free Printable Graphic Organizer Worksheets for Teachers - Click on Your Choice - % Free to Print Here are over fifty of the free K graphic organizers which are available to print on this site.