It purports to be a reflection of the real world created by man.
A breakdown of a philosophical concept and why it matters to us. A dialectic, from the Greek: A dialectic is neither a debate nor a rhetorical argument but rather an intellectual dissertation with the intent to further our knowledge of the truth.
Truth through reasoning and logic, rather than fact. The dialectic method can be seen as an alternate approach to science, which is fact based, albeit empirical. Science furthers our understanding of our reality through emperical data.
Data that can be reproduced and independently verified. Both dialectic and scientific methods seek the truth Hegelian thesis the matter at hand and must be deemed valid for as long as they cannot be disproven.
For instance, we all know that our planet Earth revolves around the Sun and yet very few of us are able to establish and verify this as a fact. One of the very first persons who argued this to be a fact - Galileo Galilei - was put under house arrest for the rest of his life and up to this day there are still some who believe this heliocentric concept to be a lie.
What is true and what we perceive to be true, what is fact and what we perceive to be factual are not necessarily the same thing. Truthfully, how many of our decisions are truly fact based and not a concoction of our hearts and minds?
A mixture of logic reasoning and illogical feelings of sorts? When we read the newspapers, browse the web or watch television what makes us believe the information involved? When do we decide in our minds to go with the story that is being presented to us?
Yes, the scientific method of fact finding and establishment of the truth is to be preferred at all times, and yet it cannot explain all occurrences in our reality.
In comes the Hegelian dialectic as alternate method to make sense of it all. He achieved wide renown in his day and although he remains a divisive figure, his canonical stature within Western philosophy is universally recognised. Hegel has influenced many thinkers and writers whose positions widely vary.
The philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche, phenomenology, existentialism and psychoanalysis - all had their beginnings in Hegel. So what are we make to of it all? Our life, the world we live in and the things happening therein?
Problem, Reaction, Solution The Hegelian dialectic is usually presented in a threefold manner. Thesis, the originating matter at hand, giving rise to a reaction, antithesis, which contradicts or negates the thesis, and the tension between the two being resolved by means of synthesis.
Or in more simplistic terms: When and wherever problems arise in our lives, in our world, these are followed up by reactions which eventually evolve and are resolved in solutions of sorts.
This is key to whoever wants to understand and apply the dialectic reasoning. Keep that in mind. The global warming issue conforms to the dialectic is all we can say from a dialectic point of view. Real life examples Are there any other matters that conform to the dialectic?
This reasoning seems to conform to the dialectic. Communism is no longer a problem. We have established new theses.
The War on Terror and the War on Drugs are reactions to the perceived global threat of radicalised Islam and threats to public health.It is the Hegelian Dialectic of bringing about change in a three-step process: Thesis, Antithesis and Synthesis.
The first step (thesis) is to create a problem. The second step (antithesis) is to generate opposition to the problem (fear, panic and hysteria). The phrase, Thesis -Antithesis -Synthesis, forms an important tenet of Marxism, and is said to have been developed by the German philosopher Hegel.
Thesis stands for a proposition or theory that is widely believed in. Antithesis is a negation of refutation of this theory. In classical logic, this double negation ("A is not non-A") would simply reinstate the original thesis. The synthesis does not do this.
It has "overcome and preserved" (or sublated) the stages of the thesis and antithesis to emerge as a higher rational unity.
We must be careful, however, not to apply this textbook example too dogmatically to the rest of Hegel’s logic or to his dialectical method more generally (for a classic criticism of the thesis-antithesis-synthesis reading of Hegel’s dialectics, see Mueller ).
The triad thesis, antithesis, synthesis (German: These, Antithese, Synthese; originally: Thesis, Antithesis, Synthesis) is often used to describe the thought of German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
Hegel never used the term himself. It originated with Johann Fichte. Note: This formulation of Hegel's triadic logic is convenient, but it must be emphasised that he never used the terms thesis, antithesis and synthesis.
Hegel's dialectic triad also serves another logical purpose.