In the United States, most folks have found no truth in the superstitions of old, such as stepping on a crack will break your mother's back, walking under a ladder will bring horrible luck, or that the number 13 has some evil connotation. Society, as a whole, has come to the conclusion there are no consequences for petting a black cat or opening that umbrella in the house. But not everybody is convinced.
Superstition also explains why many buildings do not have a 13th floor — preferring to label it 14, 14A 12B or M the 13th letter of the alphabet on elevator button panels because of concerns about superstitious tenants.
On top of this, some airlines such as Air France and Lufthansa, do not have a 13th row. Lufthansa also has no 17th row — because in some countries — such as Italy and Brazil — the typical unlucky number is 17 and not Although there is no single definition of superstition, it generally means a belief in supernatural forces — such as fate — the desire to influence unpredictable factors and a need to resolve uncertainty.
In this way then, individual beliefs and experiences drive superstitions, which explains why they are generally irrational and often defy current scientific wisdom.
Psychologists who have investigated what role superstitions play, have found that they derive from the assumption that a connection exists between co-occurring, non-related events.
For instance, the notion that charms promote good luck, or protect you from bad luck. For many people, engaging with superstitious behaviors provides a sense of control and reduces anxiety — which is why levels of superstition increase at times of stress and angst.
This is particularly the case during times of economic crisis and social uncertainty — notably wars and conflicts. Indeed, Researchers have observed how in Germany between and measures of economic threat correlated directly with measures of superstition.
Touch wood Superstitious beliefs have been shown to help promote a positive mental attitude. Although they can lead to irrational decisions, such as trusting in the merits of good luck and destiny rather than sound decision making.
Carrying charms, wearing certain clothes, visiting places associated with good fortune, preferring specific colors and using particular numbers are all elements of superstition. And although these behaviors and actions can appear trivial, for some people, they can often affect choices made in the real world.
Superstitions can also give rise to the notion that objects and places are cursed. Such as the Annabelle the Doll — who featured in The Conjuringand two other movies — and is said to be inhabited by the spirit of a dead girl.
A more traditional illustration is the Curse of the Pharaohs, which is said to be cast upon any person who disturbs the mummy of an Ancient Egyptian person — especially a pharaoh. Numbers themselves can also often be associated with curses. For example, the figure in a license plate is often featured in stories of misfortune.
Sporting superstitions Superstition is also highly prevalent within sport — especially in highly competitive situations. Four out of five professional athletes report engaging with at least one superstitious behavior prior to the performance. Within sport, superstitions have been shown to reduce tension and provide a sense of control over unpredictable, chance factors.
Superstitions practices tend to vary across sports, but there are similarities. Within football, gymnastics, and athletics, for example, competitors reported praying for success, checking appearance in the mirror and dressing well to feel better prepared.
Players and athletes also engage with personalized actions and behaviors — such as wearing lucky clothes, kit and charms. Famous sportspeople often display superstitious behaviors.
Rafael Nadal has an array of rituals that he performs each time he plays. These include the manner in which he places his water bottles and taking freezing cold showers.
Nadal believes these rituals help him to find focus, flow and perform well. Walking under ladders What all this shows is that superstitions can provide reassurance and can help to reduce anxiety in some people.The experience of the war also shaped people’s belief.
For some, the futility and brutality of the lethal conflict destroyed any vestige of faith, while others found refuge in their religion.
Often, the pain of war altered, but did not erase, faith. The churches host a mix of juju and native spiritual beliefs along with Christian values that has given an increasingly negative superstitious belief system that is completely blinding West Africans from reality.
Oct 04, · Continued "There can be a real psychological effect of superstitious thoughts," says Vyse. If you've done well before when you had a particular shirt on, for example, it might prove wise to wear.
He first postulates that belief in superstition can boost self-belief ahead of performance-based tasks, as people perceive that they are better able to influence the outcome when they adhere to their personal superstitious rituals.
Secondly, Hutson asserts that irrational beliefs such as the belief in god and karma helps people to assign. If you need to have emergency surgery, and you ask to delay it because it's the 13th day of the month, that's an example of letting a superstitious belief impair your decision-making.
It is then recommended that all superstitious belief that does not have scientific proof should be disregarded no matter relevant it might to the peoples’ lives.
The superstitious beliefs that are not science related should be substantiated carefully and methodically and apply it for the development of scientific investigations.