When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
First, there was the horrifying homicide in July of Eric Garner, placed in a choke-hold for selling loose cigarettes and denied medical assistance for several long minutes despite pleading "I can't breathe" eleven times. Then there was the shocking slaying in April of Walter Scott, stopped for a non-functioning third brake light and shot in the back in broad daylight while running away from the police.
Most recently, there was the fatal shooting this July of Samuel Dubose, stopped for a missing front license plate and shot in the head while attempting to drive away. In all three cases -- two of them caught by citizen videos and the third by police camera -- the victims were African-American.
In the wake of these events and protests that have done so much to focus public attention on them, our knowledge of police killings has rapidly expanded. So, too, has the issue's political salience.
The videos -- and the outrage that followed -- helped ignite the most powerful civil rights movement since the s. Thanks to this movement, the issues of police killings and mass incarceration are now squarely on the public agenda.
Like the movements against lynching, state-sanctioned segregation and the death penalty before it, today's movement is part of a centuries-long struggle for racial justice.
These movements have repeatedly challenged the taken-for-granted practices of the day and redefined them, step-by-step, as no longer morally acceptable. As I will discuss below, this pattern describes the struggle that led to the decline and ultimate elimination of lynching, and it captures as well the ongoing fight against the death penalty that may well culminate in its abolition.
Today's movements aim at a similar transformation: The current movement emerged out of mounting anger over the killing of unarmed citizens by police.
When the question of how often such killings take place quite naturally arose, the shocking answer was that no one knew -- a state of affairs the FBI director James Comey has aptly described as " embarrassing and ridiculous.
Investigations by the Wall Street Journal and FiveThirtyEight determined that hundreds of police killings went unreported annually, but they could do no more than provide rough estimates. This is in striking contrast to many European countrieswhere every killing by the police is carefully recorded; indeed, in Germany and Finland, each and every shot fired by the police is entered into a national database.
In response to the upsurge in public interest in police killings, the Washington Post and Guardian have stepped in to perform a task that should have been done by the government: Though the newspapers use slightly different methodologies, both newspapers draw on two citizen-initiated sources, "Killed by Police" and "Fatal Encounters," which collect news reports of people killed by law enforcement offices, and both include data on whether the person was armed.
Neither attempts to determine whether the killings should be deemed "justified.
But we now know that this figure was a gross underestimation, for the actual number is more than 1, police killings each year -- about one every eight hours. And Japan, a nation of million people that is as non-violent as the US is violent, had no police killings over the past two years.
Those killed by the police are of course not representative of the population; the investigation by the Guardian and the Washington Post tell us who they are.
About 95 percent are male, and approximately half are years-old or younger. African-Americans are heavily over-represented among the dead, at about one in four -- double their percentage of the population.
Whites constitute about half of those killed by the police and Hispanics 15 percent, with the remainder Asian-Americans, Native-Americans, and "unknown. Though 88 percent of those killed by the police die by gunshot, death by other means is not uncommon. Tasers, advertised as a "safe" alternative to guns, can be lethal; through October 31 of this year, tasers had killed 47 people.
Death from being struck by police vehicles, often in car chases that take innocent lives, resulted in 31 deaths during the first ten months of Death in custody -- the tragic case of Freddie Gray in Baltimore is the best known -- has taken 35 lives.
My President Was Black. A history of the first African American White House—and of what came next. The Detroit riot, also known as the Detroit Rebellion or 12th Street riot was the bloodiest race riot in the "Long, hot summer of ". Composed mainly of confrontations between black people and police, it began in the early morning hours of Sunday July 23, in Detroit, attheheels.com precipitating event was a police raid of an unlicensed, after-hours bar then known as a blind pig. A chimney sweep is a person who clears ash and soot from attheheels.com chimney uses the pressure difference caused by a hot column of gas to create a draught and draw air over the hot coals or wood enabling continued combustion. Chimneys may be straight or contain many changes of direction. During normal operation, a layer of creosote builds up on the inside of the chimney, restricting the flow.
African-Americans have been disproportionately frequent victims of deaths by taser and in custody, comprising 38 percent and 32 percent of all victims, respectively, compared to 24 percent of all police killings with 11 percent "unknown". But not all weapons are as deadly as guns; in the Guardian study, almost one-third were non-gun weapons, including baseball bats, machetes, and knives.
In some cases, what seemed to be a gun turned out to be a fake gun:A chimney sweep is a person who clears ash and soot from attheheels.com chimney uses the pressure difference caused by a hot column of gas to create a draught and draw air over the hot coals or wood enabling continued combustion.
Chimneys may be straight or contain many changes of direction. During normal operation, a layer of creosote builds up on the inside of the chimney, restricting the flow. Casar knelt with activists protesting police brutality at the start of a city meeting in October and says he plans to vote against the proposed agreement, despite concessions made by the union.
Declaration of Independence. Action of Second Continental Congress, July 4, The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America.
Audio mp3 Reading by John F. Kennedy. The Detroit riot, also known as the Detroit Rebellion or 12th Street riot was the bloodiest race riot in the "Long, hot summer of ".
Composed mainly of confrontations between black people and police, it began in the early morning hours of Sunday July 23, in Detroit, attheheels.com precipitating event was a police raid of an unlicensed, after-hours bar then known as a blind pig.
From the era of slavery to the rise of Donald Trump, wealthy elites have relied on the loyalty of poor whites.
All Americans deserve better. I’m just a poor white trash motherfucker. By Lt Daniel Furseth. Today, I stopped caring about my fellow man. I stopped caring about my community, my neighbors, and those I serve. I stopped caring today because a once noble profession has become despised, hated, distrusted, and mostly unwanted.