God, Gold, and Glory. Creatively is italicized due to sarcasm, apparently not everyone got this… His intentions were to spread Catholicism, bring back fortunes in gold and other valuables for the country of Spain, and to gain glory both for himself and Spain. When Columbus arrived to the New World, one of his first tasks was the conversion of these heathens in the Christian religion. While he was mildly successful in the conversion of the natives to the Catholic religion, it was after his death that Spain implemented their own sick and twisted conquest.
Historical context[ edit ] InPope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversaswhich legitimized the slave trade, at least as a result of war.
It granted Afonso V of Portugal the right to reduce any "Saracens, pagans and any other unbelievers" to hereditary slavery. Along with other priests, they opposed the native peoples' treatment as unjust and illegal in an audience with the Spanish king and in the subsequent royal commission.
Europeans justified it with the view that natives were not Christian, Requirimiento 1514 after witnessing the mass human sacrifices conducted by the Aztecs and the lack of traditional European civilization made natives seem savage and not deserving to possess the New World.
In Spain itself inthe Moorish population of Granada had been given the choice by the first Archbishop of Granada, Hernando de Talavera: This letter came, however, after centuries of struggle by Christians in Spain to recapture what they saw as their homeland, which had been under Muslim rule for generations.
Thus the war in Iberia, between Christians trying to "reconquer" land they thought of as properly Christian and Muslims defending the land their forefathers claimed by right of conquest, heightened religious tensions and fervor on both sides. Comparing the situation in the Old World and New World: Responding to this impeding clerical position, the Requerimiento was issued, providing a religious justification for war against and conquest of the local populations of pre-existing residents, on the pretext of their refusing the legitimate authority of the Kings of Spain and Portugal as granted by the Pope.
National Humanities Center Council of Castile (Spain), Requerimiento, 2 served their Highnesses, as lords and kings, in the way that subjects. The Requerimiento of What was the Requerimiento of ? Well, simply put, the Requerimiento of stated that God had created the world and its people and had made the pope, initially St. El Requerimiento by Juan López de Palacios Rubios () add to My Virginia. Share It El Requerimiento, meaning "the requirement, or demand," was drafted in by Juan López de Palacios Rubios, a member of the Council of Castile, which advised King Ferdinand. The document was designed to.
So, the Requerimiento emerged in the context of moral debates within Spanish elites over the colonization of the Americasand associated actions such as war, slavery'Indian reductions'conversionsrelocationsand war crimes. Coming shortly after the Reconquest, the realization of a centuries-long dream by Christians in Requirimiento 1514, the discovery, and colonization of the New World was directly affected by religious and political conditions in a now-unified Iberian Peninsula.
The treatment of the Native Americans was at first rationalized on the grounds that they were cannibals; any means of subjugation were acceptable. Inthe king and queen again sought advice; the Native Americans were declared to be "free vassals".
Despite their elevated status, the Native Americans remained subject to conquest in "just wars". Similar legislation was adopted by the Junta of Valladolid in and the Junta of Madrid in However, none of the laws stopped the abuse; few were charged with illegal exploitation, and punishment was rare.
Role of religion[ edit ] The colonization of the New World by European adventurers was "justified" at the time on spiritual and religious grounds.
In the conquest of the Americas, the Christian duty to evangelize nonbelievers took the form of conversion of Indians and other pagans at the hands of Roman Catholic priests. Christianity was also used to justify the state's policy of enslavement of Indians who had resisted peaceful negotiations.
To the European mind, the lands of the New World belonged to no one and could, therefore, be seized. The radical differences in thought and behavior of the Aztec and Mayan states, with their worship of entirely new, fierce gods, human sacrifice by the thousands and complete unfamiliarity with European styles of diplomacy created a sense that conquest was not a war between states but the conquering, by a civilized, society against a ferocious, barbarous enemy.
Moreover, since the native population was non-Christian, the Europeans' Christian religion conferred upon them the right and indeed the obligation to take possession of the lands and the people in the name of God and the throne.
More particularly, Catholic theology held that spiritual salvation took precedence over temporal and civil concerns. The Pope, being the recipient of divine authority and having the obligation to propagate the faith, empowered Spain to conquer the New World and convert its peoples[ citation needed ].
Thus "informed" by the Spanish, the Native people of the land had to accept the supremacy of the Catholic Church and the Spanish Crown. The state was authorized to enforce submission, by war if necessary. Content[ edit ] The Requerimiento, in relation to the Spanish invasion of the Americas and the subsequent Spanish colonization of the Americasdemanded the local populations to accept Spanish rule and allow preaching to them by Catholic missionaries on pain of war, slavery or death.
The Requerimiento did not demand conversion, but the Indian Reductions through the Encomienda and Mission systems often did. The Spanish Requirement, issued in the names of King Ferdinand and Queen Juana, his daughter, was a mixture of religious and legal justifications for the confiscation of New World territories and the subjugation of their inhabitants.
At the time, it was believed that Native Americans resisted conquest and conversion for one of two reasons: The Requirement was putatively meant to eliminate ignorance. The true nature of the Spanish Requirement, however, was one of absolution; the symbolic act of reading the document relieved the crown and its agents from legal and moral responsibility for the conquest, enslavement and killing of Native Americans.
Readings were often dispensed with prior to planned attacks. As the Spanish Requirement matter-of-factly sets forth, so brazenly from five centuries' retrospect, God created heaven and earth, and the first man and woman from whom all are descended. If they listen carefully, the Indians will understand and accept what is happening as just; if not, Spain will make war on them.
Here what the document does is to create an ontology into which these new lands and their peoples fit; it is creating a place for them in the existing Spanish and European political structure and Christian belief structure. While the conquistadors were encouraged to use an interpreter to read the Requerimiento, it was not absolutely necessary, and in many cases, it was read out to an uncomprehending populace.
In some instances, it was read to barren beaches and empty villages long after the indigenous people and communities had left, to prisoners after they were captured, and even from the decks of ships once they had just spotted the coast.
Nevertheless, for the conquistadors, it provided a religious justification and rationalization for attacking and conquering the native population.
Because of its potential to support the enrichment of the Spanish royal coffers, the Requerimiento was not generally questioned until the Spanish crown had abolished its use in The Spanish Requirement of (Requerimiento) was a declaration by the Spanish monarchy, written by the Council of Castile jurist Juan López de Palacios Rubios, of Castile's divinely ordained right to take possession of the territories of the New World and to subjugate.
Sep 03, · Requirimiento, In , the Requerimiento was put forth by the Spanish conquistadors toward indigenous people to state that they had all power over them and that the Bible was the proof behind their actions of doing so. The Requerimiento Biography Historical Context Juan Lopez de Palacios Rubios was born in Juan became a teacher at the University of Salamanca and in his hometown school.
Throughout his 74 years of life, Rubios accomplished many things. The Spanish Requirement of was a document and declaration which divinely ordained the right to colonize the territories of the New World by force, if necessary, in the name of the Catholic Church.
Requirimiento, Justification for waging a "just war" against native Americans. Optional: View this short biography of Hernan Cortez, conqueror of Mexico's Aztec Empire "Destruction of the Indies" by Bartolome de Las Casas, National Humanities Center Council of Castile (Spain), Requerimiento, 2 served their Highnesses, as lords and kings, in the way that subjects.