Research-Based Practices for English Language Learners Carolyn Derby has taught either 2nd or 3rd grade for the past 10 years in a district in the Northwest. The district she teaches in draws from a community that is both rural and suburban in character. Initially, new students were primarily Spanish speaking, although now some students speak languages such as Vietnamese, Croatian, and Russian.
My dad gave me one dollar bill 'Cause I'm his smartest son, And I swapped it for two shiny quarters 'Cause two is more than one! I didn't understand why it came so naturally to some students, but not to me.
Looking back, however, I realize that I had an advantage that I wasn't even aware of — I understood the language in which the problems were written, even if I didn't understand how to solve them! Although it is easy to assume that many English language learners ELLs will excel in math because math is a "universal language" and students may have had prior educational experience that included mathematical instruction, that assumption can lead educators astray.
As I spoke with teachers and did research for this article, it became very clear that making sure that students understand math vocabulary and have ample opportunities to use it are very important.
Solving word problems, following instructions, understanding and using mathematical vocabulary correctly — all of these skills require a language proficiency that sometimes exceeds our expectations.
We tend to think of mathematics as a subject that does not require a strong command of language. For many educators, the challenge of bringing language and math instruction together is a relatively new one.
ELL teachers who hadn't taught content areas previously are now being asked to lead or support instruction in the math classroom, and many math teachers who don't see themselves as language instructors are now responsible for providing effective math instruction to ELLs.
High school math teacher Hillary Hansen learned just how big a role language plays in math instruction when she taught her first Basic Math course for ELLs last year. She wanted so much to provide the students with the good foundation they needed, but she felt unable to reach the students or engage them in her lessons, and by the end of the year she was exhausted and frustrated.
That summer she had an opportunity to join a district Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol SIOP cohort to receive professional development and support to meet the needs of ELLs in content classes.
She learned about the importance of language acquisition, building background knowledge, increasing student language production, and explicitly teaching academic language. She began this school year with a new set of tools and a deeper understanding of the instructional scaffolding ELLs need in order to learn the content while also learning English.
I am happy to report that while Hillary still feels challenged and is working very hard, this year has been much more successful for her and her students.
As a result of more effective instruction, her students: Hillary feels that she is providing them with the foundation they need not only to understand the mathematical concepts, but also to successfully interact within a math classroom in order to continue learning more advanced concepts.
Following are some strategies that Hillary and some of the other teachers I spoke with found helpful this year, and that they recommend as best practices when teaching math to ELLs. The importance of teaching academic vocabulary Vocabulary instruction is essential to effective math instruction.
Not only does it include teaching math-specific terms such as "percent" or "decimal," but it also includes understanding the difference between the mathematical definition of a word and other definitions of that word.
The following example, used in a presentation by Dr. Judit Moschkovich of the University of California at Santa Cruz, underscores why vocabulary must be introduced within the context of the content Moschkovich, In this problem, the student is instructed to "find x.
The student even put a note on the page to help the teacher in locating the lost "x".
Second-language acquisition (SLA), second-language learning, or L2 (language 2) acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second attheheels.com-language acquisition is also the scientific discipline devoted to studying that process. The field of second-language acquisition is a subdiscipline of applied linguistics, but also receives research attention from a variety of other. Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners Essay - English Language Learners (ELL) require appropriate education in the English language. Reading, writing, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar are . Instructional Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners Math Regardless of where you teach in the California and the United States as a whole, chances are you have a handful of students for whom English is not their native language. In many schools, classrooms are predominantly English Language Learners (ELL). For many ELL .
The student understood the meaning of "find" in one context, but not in the appropriate mathematical context. I recently helped a math teacher create a Sheltered Lesson, and I was surprised to find that there were some vocabulary words that I didn't understand.
My lack of familiarity with the words hindered my ability to do the math problem and gave me a deeper empathy for ELLs who struggle in the same way with vocabulary and comprehending math assignments.Writing across Culture and Language: Inclusive Strategies for Working with ELL Writers in the ELA Classroom [Christina Ortmeier-Hooper] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Imagine being asked to write an essay in a language you don't know well or at all, to have to express yourself--your knowledge and analysis--grammatically and clearly in.
ADVANCED WRITING. IN ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE A Corpus-Based Study of Processes and Products Horvath Jozsef Lingua Franca Csoport ADVANCED WRITING IN ENGLISH. Using Poetry to Develop Oral Language Skills Give students the chance to read poems out loud.
Reading poetry aloud is a great way for ELLs to practice pronunciation and fluency, as well as a chance for students to play with rhymes and language. Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners Essay - English Language Learners (ELL) require appropriate education in the English language.
Reading, writing, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar are . Essential Actions: 15 Research-based Practices to Increase ELL Student Achievement; Add new comment; Bright Ideas from the Classroom.
Essential Actions: 15 Research-based Practices to Increase ELL Student Achievement. By. was that we didn't have a way to communicate effectively about English Language Learners (ELLs). The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.