Before I do this I want to talk briefly here about the difference between methodology and method as these two terms are often, and inaccurately, assumed to mean the same thing. Methods Research methods are the tools, techniques or processes that we use in our research. These might be, for example, surveys, interviews, Photovoice, or participant observation.
The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated?
Research methods are loose framework or guidelines from which one has to select one and then apply a research design on that method to achieve desired results. Research methods focus mainly on data collection, but the research design provides an overall picture of the entire research project. Jul 12, · > What is the difference between method and methodology in research? Method refers to approaches in research – how you obtain the data - whether quantitative, qualitative, mixed research. Methodology refers to how you are going to articulate a wo. There are so many factors to take into account and evaluate when selecting smong different research methods.
And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.
Importance of a Good Methodology Section You must explain how you obtained and analyzed your results for the following reasons: Readers need to know how the data was obtained because the method you chose affects the results and, by extension, how you interpreted their significance.
Methodology is crucial for any branch of scholarship because an unreliable method produces unreliable results and, as a consequence, undermines the value of your interpretations of the findings.
In most cases, there are a variety of different methods you can choose to investigate a research problem. The methodology section of your paper should clearly articulate the reasons why you chose a particular procedure or technique.
The reader wants to know that the data was collected or generated in a way that is consistent with accepted practice in the field of study. For example, if you are using a multiple choice questionnaire, readers need to know that it offered your respondents a reasonable range of answers to choose from.
The method must be appropriate to fulfilling the overall aims of the study. For example, you need to ensure that you have a large enough sample size to be able to generalize and make recommendations based upon the findings.
The methodology should discuss the problems that were anticipated and the steps you took to prevent them from occurring. For any problems that do arise, you must describe the ways in which they were minimized or why these problems do not impact in any meaningful way your interpretation of the findings.
In the social and behavioral sciences, it is important to always provide sufficient information to allow other researchers to adopt or replicate your methodology. This information is particularly important when a new method has been developed or an innovative use of an existing method is utilized.
Writing the Empirical Journal Article.
University of Washington; Denscombe, Martyn. The Good Research Guide: Writing a Successful Thesis or Dissertation: Structure and Writing Style I.
Groups of Research Methods There are two main groups of research methods in the social sciences:Video: Research Methodology: Approaches & Techniques A research method is a systematic plan for doing research.
In this lesson, we'll look at the definition for a research method and examine the. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.
Method is simply a research tool, a component of research – say for example, a qualitative method such as interviews. Methodology is the justification for using a particular research method. So if for example, like me, you want to understand the motivations and perceptions of a group of bloggers then you would most likely choose a qualitative.
Often recognized as how a research is to be done scientifically, research methodology involves the learning of the various techniques we can use in the conduct of research such as the conduct of tests, experiments, surveys and critical studies.
Choosing the Research Method The significance test can show whether the null hypothesis is more likely correct than the research hypothesis. Research methodology in a number of areas like social sciences depends heavily on significance tests. Observational research is a group of different research methods where researchers try to observe a phenomenon without interfering too much.
Observational research methods, such as the case study, are probably the furthest removed from the established scientific method.