The year old city of Chiang Mai was built in to be the capital city of the Lanna Kingdom the kingdom of a million rice fields by its ruler King Mengrai. The last capital before Chiang Mai was Wiang Kum Kam which was established in and situated some 5klms south-east of present day Chiang Mai. Wiang Kum Kam was destroyed by flooding from the Ping River around It then lay hidden for nearly years and was only rediscovered in
Shwedagon Pagoda in Rangoon, the oldest and holiest Buddhist shrine in Burma. The line of kings that followed him constructed thousands of pagodas, and also monasteries, libraries and colleges.
Their harnessing of water resources led to a Short history of myanmar in rice production. Advert However, the Buddhist kingdom was isolated from its geographical neighbours who followed other religions.
The growing influence of the monkhood over resources prompted a decline, inviting Mongol and Tartar invasions. The succeeding centuries would be marked by divisions, as various ruling dynasties rose and fell, and territories under their control underwent constant permutation.
Bayinnaung was an expansionist ruler who waged relentless war in order to gain increasingly larger areas of territory. Upon his death in at 66 years of age his rule stretched over almost all Short history of myanmar Burma, Thailand and Laos.
But such dominion, won at great cost, was difficult to hold on to, and soon after his death sections of his empire began to fall away. Whereas the first Anglo-Burmese War was fought to regain territory that Burma had wrested away from British India, by the time of the third war inwhich resulted in the total annexation of Burma, other factors were at play.
The British viewed Burma not so much as land that they definitely needed to control, but as a market they needed to capture and as a backdoor to lucrative trade with China. Indians were brought in to fill civil-service jobs and the business interests of Indians and Chinese in Burma were encouraged, which bred resentment in many Burmese people.
Here, as elsewhere, divide-and-rule was characteristic of British governance, with certain ethnic groups being favoured over others, creating clashes of loyalties. The new masters Protests by university students in were the first signs of renewed resistance against British rule.
Strikes and anti-tax protests followed, with Buddhist monks playing a prominent role and even leading armed rebellion. Rangoon University was a hotbed of radicalism and a young law student, Aung San, gained increasing prominence in the movement for national autonomy.
He and fellow student Nu a later Prime Minister of Burma joined the thakin movement. Now it signified that Burmese citizens wanted to be masters of their own destiny.
For some nationalists the War presented an opportunity to gain concessions towards autonomy in return for Burmese support in the hostilities, but the thakins rejected any participation in the war.
Aung San co-founded the Communist Party of Burma.
He sought contact with Chinese communists, but the Japanese authorities got to him first, promising military training and support for a national uprising. Aung San and 29 other young men, known as the Thirty Comrades, left for Hainan Island in China which was under Japanese occupation for the promised training.
The deal was that the Japanese would help Burma rid itself of the British colonialists and grant independence.
But with the Japanese invasion of Burma in came the growing realization that one set of colonialists had been exchanged for another. Aung San then quickly changed sides and negotiated with the British to drive out the Japanese.
The Japanese were successfully expelled from Burma in May However, many parts of the country lay in ruins, devastated by warfare. Freedom — and a leader lost A military administration resumed in Burma under the British and there were calls to prosecute Aung San for his involvement in a murder during military operations in There were already dissatisfied splinter groups of the AFPL which had either gone underground or into opposition.
On 19 Julyat the instigation of an opposition politician, Aung San and several members of his cabinet were gunned down. Anti-British sentiment was so strong that Burma decided not to join the British Commonwealth, unlike other colonies that had also gained independence.
In the international arena Nu sought co-operation while steering his country on a non-aligned course. Despite the civil war raging in parts of the country, the s was a progressive decade for Burma, with the economy beginning to recover.
Elections in brought U Nu back as Prime Minister but the days of democracy were numbered.
Human rights abuses intensified and all dissent was crushed. Early in his career Ne Win had failed in business due to competition from Indian traders; now he purged the country of people of Indian extraction who had formed a significant part of its commercial and administrative backbone.
All major industry was nationalized. Insurgency continued and was answered by state force.history. Focus Asia was established in June of , with operations in Vietnam. In , operations were extended to Cambodia and Laos and in to Myanmar. Myanmar is mostly likely the last untouched destinations in Asia.
You are going to be lost in the history where people connects with each others in the tradditional way - meeting in person more than Internet.
A Short History of Myanmar (Burma) You are here: Countries / Myanmar (Burma) Myanmar history is one of the most complex histories in Asia.
Best recollection as claimed in all Myanmar history books is that the first civilization was in BC. These are the Mon, which are not original locals of the country but migrants from nearby places that.
Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese:), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast attheheels.comr is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast.
To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5, km (3, mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of. This booklet is intended to offer a short history of Buddhism in Myanmar from its origins through the country's loss of independence to Great Britain in the late nineteenth century.
I have not dealt with more recent history as this has already been well documented. Rohingya refugees fled violence in Myanmar at a staggering rate in – and the numbers keep growing.
At the peak of the crisis, thousands were crossing into Bangladesh daily.