Some of you at one point or another may be returning to a Seminole County Public Schools classroom. I want to help make the transition as smooth as possible by providing you with some resources, tips, and suggestions. While there are key concepts and vocabulary in all Spanish 1 programs, the order that these concepts are presented and the vocabulary chosen is different from program to program. You would have the same challenges if you moved from Volusia or Orange County where they use different textbooks than we use in Seminole County.
There were a large number of tribunals of the Papal Inquisition in various European kingdoms during the Middle Ages through different diplomatic and political means. In the Kingdom of Aragona tribunal of the Papal Inquisition was established by the statute of Excommunicamus of Pope Gregory IXinduring the era of the Albigensian heresy, as a condition for peace with Aragon.
The Inquisition was ill-received by the Aragonese, which led to prohibitions against insults or attacks on it.
He pressed the kingdoms to accept the Papal Inquisition after Aragon. Castile refused steadily, trusting on its prominent position in Europe and its military power to keep the Pope interventionism in check.
By the end of the Middle Ages, Englanddue to distance and voluntary compliance, and Castile future part of Spain due to resistance and power, were the only Western European kingdoms to successfully resist establishment of the Inquisition in their realms. With time, its importance was diluted, and, by the middle of the fifteenth century, it was almost forgotten although still there according to the law.
Regarding the living conditions of minorities, the kings of Aragon and other monarchies imposed some discriminatory taxation of religious minorities, so false conversions were a way of tax evasion.
In addition to said discriminatory legislation, Aragon had laws specifically targeted at protecting minorities. For example, crusades attacking Jewish or Muslim subjects of the King of Aragon while on their way to fight in the reconquest were punished with death by hanging.
Up to the 14th century, the census and weddings records show an absolute lack of concern with avoiding intermarriage or blood mixture so present in other areas.
Both the Roman Inquisition and neighbouring Christian powers showed discomfort with these two aspects of Aragonese law and lack of concern with ethnicity, but to little effect. High-ranking officials of Jewish religion were not as common as in Castile, but were not unheard of either.
Members of the episcopate were charged with surveillance of the faithful and punishment of transgressors, always under the direction of the king. During the Middle Ages, in Castile, little to no attention was paid to heresy by the Catholic ruling class, or by the population.
Jews and Muslims were tolerated and generally allowed to follow their traditional customs in domestic matters. The Castilian law is particularly difficult to summarize since due to the model of the free Royal Villas mayors and the population of border areas had the right to create their own fueros law that varied from one villa to the next.
In general, the Castilian model was parallel to the initial model of Islamic Spain. Non-Catholics were subject to discriminatory legislation regarding taxation and some other specific discriminatory legislation-such as prohibition of wearing silk or "flashy clothes"  - that varied from county to county, but were left alone besides that.
Forced conversion of minorities was against the law, and so was the belief in the existence of witchcraft, oracles or similar superstitions.
In general, all "people from the book" were permitted to practice their own customs and religions as far as they did not attempt proselytizing on the Christian population. Jews particularly had surprising freedoms and protections compared to other areas of Europe and were allowed to hold high public offices such as the counselor, treasurer or secretary for the crown.
The intellectual cooperation between religions was the norm in Castile. Some examples are the Toledo School of Translators from the 11th century. Jews and morsicos were allowed to hold high offices in the administration. Even after the sudden increase in hostility towards other religions that the kingdom experienced after the 14th century crisis, which clearly worsened the living conditions of non-Catholics in Castile, it remained one of the most tolerant kingdoms in Europe.
A focuss of conflict was Castilian resistance to truly abandon the mozarabic riteand the refusal to grant Papal control over Reconquest land a request Aragon and Portugal conceded. Creation of the Spanish Inquisition[ edit ] There are several hypotheses of what prompted the creation of the tribunal after centuries of outstanding tolerance within the context of medieval Europe.
The truth is probably a combination of varieties of them.Spanish Latin America Level 1 Workbook Latin America Spanish Level 1. TRS-WKBK-ESP ISBN All information in this document is subject to change without notice.
This document is provided for informational purposes only and Rosetta Stone Ltd. Spanish for Oral and Written Review (Heinle) Kiddle et al., Perspectivas (Heinle) Knorre et al., Puntos de Partida (McGraw Hill) on the CLEP Spanish Language exam, and nine credits for a score of Each college, however, is responsible for setting its own policy.
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