Philosophy is rooted in human nature Whoever is professionally engaged in philosophy can only feel a certain uneasiness at the announcement of a papal Encyclical on this subject. Both the believing and the non-believing philosopher recognize, although to a different degree, the Catholic Church's great moral authority, and so are certainly flattered by the attention she shows to their field of work. At the same, both may fear, again in different measure, that the Church's stance might in some way restrict philosophy's autonomy, or not sufficiently recognize its importance, or at any rate take a position that could harm the development of this discipline. I must admit, then, that I set about reading Fides et ratio with some anxiety.
Synthesis of the encyclical "Fides et ratio" Synthesis of the encyclical "Fides et ratio" http: Current Requirements and Tasks. Following is the entire text of the synthesis of the encyclical prepared by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and issued in Italian, Spanish, French and English: Where do I come from and where am I going?
Why is there evil in the world? What will there be after this life? In grappling with these questions men and women build their lives and give meaning to their actions.
The thirteenth Encyclical of John Paul II takes its cue from these fundamental questions and offers an answer based upon the truth of faith in Jesus Christ. The Encyclical has all the hallmarks of an 'historic' document. Why should faith be concerned with philosophy and why does reason need faith's contribution?
These questions of John Paul II do not go unanswered. Nor are they presented merely as a theoretical exercise B though at first sight the theme could give this impression. They are in fact deeply related to life because they determine how people act.
The Encyclical appeals to all who are concerned for the truth and are leaders in the fields of thought and culture, that they may focus on what is essential, precluding nothing and setting no limits.
John Paul II does not condemn, but instead presents a serious problem which is bound to stir wide-ranging discussion among intellectuals and all those engaged in the world of culture: Reason is endowed with all that it needs to search ceaselessly for the truth, accepting no limit other than the truth itself.
Yet various modes of philosophy today, themselves the fruit of modern thought which is clearly in crisis, seek to glorify reason's debilitation. Thus, in practice, they prevent reason from being what it is. This results in a vision of the human person and of the world which gives pride of place to will-power and pragmatism cf.
After all that has happened in the last hundred years it may seem paradoxical, but reason finds in faith its most valuable help and support, the steadfast ally which allows reason to be what it is.
On the other hand, a dialogue between Christian faith and debilitated reason will not be fruitful; faith needs reason strengthened by the truth in order to explain why it acts with full freedom. In 'Veritatis Splendor' B of which the new Encyclical is a continuation B the Pope pointed to a number of moral truths which had been forgotten or misunderstood.
In this Encyclical, he is concerned with truth itself, its foundation in relation to faith. For John Paul II, this is no routine task but a solemn duty. Disclosing the mystery, Revelation urges reason to seek the explanations which reason can make its own but can never claim to exhaust.
It shows how biblical thought, accepting this unity, is convinced that a sure path to the knowledge of the truth can be found. It insists that the knowledge offered by God cannot be ignored, if one wants to find the path which leads to the answer to the fundamental questions of life.
It shows how, with their ever-enquiring reason, men and women can attain the truth, which is by its nature universal, valid for all people at all times.
The Pope considers different 'faces' of the truth, leading to the claim that 'one may define the human being as the one who seeks the truth' No.
This search looks not only to the attainment of truths which are partial, empirical or scientific; nor is it only in individual acts of decision-making that people seek the true good. Their search looks towards an ulterior truth which would explain the meaning of life.
And it is therefore a search which can reach its end only in reaching the absolute. Such a truth is attained not only by way of reason but also through trusting acquiescence to other persons who can guarantee the authenticity and certainty of the truth itself'.
It considers the example of the first centuries when the Church Fathers, aided by the rich insights of faith, 'succeeded in disclosing completely all that remained implicit and preliminary in the thinking of the great philosophers of antiquity' No. Then follows the great Medieval period with the enduringly valid thought of Saint Thomas Aquinas and his vision of the harmony between faith and reason based upon the principle that 'whatever its source, truth is of the Holy Spirit'.
This brought an impoverishment of both faith and reason, since 'each without the other is enfeebled' No.
In its second part, it shows how the Church has always urged philosophy to be faithful to its true task, and shows how this has at times enriched modern philosophical thinking. In Chapter Six, 'Fides et Ratio' identifies the ways in which the various branches of theology need philosophy.
Here, the Pope highlights some recent problems in theology. · Summary of Fides et Ratio, Ch. VII: Current Requirements and Tasks The chapter opens with a statement of the requirements imposed upon philosophy by the Word of God, by the configuration of the current situation, and by the nature of philosophy attheheels.com · The Encyclical Fides et ratio does not stop at affirming the need for philosophy in general.
It encourages philosophy to pursue its search to the highest level, which involves the first causes of all reality, the ultimate foundation or the absolute itself, i.e., it affirms the need for the philosophical discipline traditionally called attheheels.com://attheheels.com · Truth in Fides et Ratio: Aristotelian Reflections and Recommendations Kurt Pritzl Email; Print; This article can be found in the printed issue only.
The Mysteries of the Life of Jesus (photocopy) View Issue. Volume Add to Cart. or Subscribe and Save 25%. Also in this attheheels.com://attheheels.com Fides et Ratio Notes “Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth; and God has placed in the human heart the desire to attheheels.com INTRODUCTION The basic theme of the encyclical Fides et Ratio is beautifully expressed in its opening lines with a metaphor depicting faith and reason as “two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth”.
By this, says. Did you know? Update a video without losing your URL or stats. How? Replace your video file quickly and attheheels.com://attheheels.com