No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases to which it is a party e. The terms "Government of the United States of America" or "United States Government" are often used in official documents to represent the federal government as distinct from the states collectively. In casual conversation or writing, the term "Federal Government" is often used, and the term "National Government" is sometimes used. The terms "Federal" and "National" in government agency or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government Federal Bureau of InvestigationNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Park Service.
Media policy[ edit ] Broadcast television and radio[ edit ] The FCC regulates broadcast stations, repeater stations as well as commercial broadcasting operators who operate and repair certain radiotelephonetelevision and radio stations. Broadcast licenses are to be renewed if the station meets the "public interest, convenience, or necessity".
Burden of proof would be on the complainant in a petition to deny. Further modifications to promote cross-modal competition telephone, video, etc. The Supreme Court has repeatedly held, beginning soon after the passage of the Communications Act ofthat the inherent scarcity of radio spectrum allows the government to impose some types of content restrictions on broadcast license holders notwithstanding the First Amendment.
A number of regulations felt to be outdated were removed, most controversially the Fairness Doctrine in Pacifica untilabout ten years after the landmark United States Supreme Court decision that defined the power of the FCC over indecent material as applied to broadcasting.
The new law stiffens the penalties for each violation of the Act. Media cross-ownership in the United States The FCC has established rules limiting the national share of media ownership of broadcast television or radio stations. It has also established cross-ownership rules limiting ownership of a newspaper and broadcast station in the same market, in order to ensure a diversity of viewpoints in each market and serve the needs of each local market.
Diversity[ edit ] With the major demographic shifts occurring in the country in terms of the racial-ethnic composition of the population, the FCC has been criticized for ignoring the issue of decreasing racial-ethnic diversity of the media.
This includes charges that the FCC has been watering down the limited affirmative action regulations it had on the books, including no longer requiring stations to make public their data on their minority staffing and hiring. They documented widespread and deeply felt community concerns about the negative effects of media concentration and consolidation on racial-ethnic diversity in staffing and programming.
As part of its license to buy more radio stations, Clear Channel was forced to divest all TV stations. All stations were required to buy and install all new equipment transmittersTV antennas, and even entirely new broadcast towersand operate for years on both channels.
Each licensee was required to return one of their two channels following the end of the digital television transition. After delaying the original deadlines of, and eventually February 17,on concerns about elderly and rural folk, on June 12, all full-power analog terrestrial TV licenses in the U.
Title II imposes common carrier regulation under which carriers offering their services to the general public must provide services to all customers and may not discriminate based on the identity of the customer or the content of the communication. This is similar to and adapted from regulation of transportation providers railroad, airline, shipping, etc.
Wireless carriers providing telecommunications services are also generally subject to Title II regulation except as exempted by the FCC. The Telecommunications Act of was the first major legislative reform since the Act and took several steps to de-regulate the telephone market and promote competition in both the local and long-distance marketplace.
From monopoly to competition[ edit ] See also: For many years, the FCC and state officials agreed to regulate the telephone system as a natural monopoly. In the s, the FCC allowed other companies to expand offerings to the public. Beginning inthe FCC implemented a new goal that all long-distance companies had equal access to the local phone companies' customers.
The FCC held that information services were distinct from telecommunications services that are subject to common carrier regulation.
However, Section of the Telecommunications Act of required the FCC to help accelerate deployment of "advanced telecommunications capability" which included high-quality voice, data, graphics, and video, and to regularly assess its availability.
In Augustthe FCC said that nearly 55 million Americans did not have access to broadband capable of delivering high-quality voice, data, graphics and video offerings.
The reclassification was done in order to give the FCC a legal basis for imposing net neutrality rules see belowafter earlier attempts to impose such rules on an "information service" had been overturned in court. To encourage broadband deployment and preserve and promote the open and interconnected nature of the public Internet, Consumers are entitled to access the lawful Internet content of their choice; Consumers are entitled to run applications and use services of their choice, subject to the needs of law enforcement; Consumers are entitled to connect their choice of legal devices that do not harm the network; Consumers are entitled to competition among network providers, application and service providers, and content providers.
However, broadband providers were permitted to engage in "reasonable network management. The FCC imposed no fine, but required Comcast to end such blocking in FCC chairman Kevin J.Since , the Lifeline program has provided a discount on phone service for qualifying low-income consumers to ensure that all Americans have the opportunities and security that phone service brings, including being able to connect to jobs, family and emergency services.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (47 U.S.C. § and 47 U.S.C. § ) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, competition, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security, and. These lawyers, bankers, academics, journalists, bureaucrats and self-styled elitists sponge off the actual wealth-creation of hard working Americans via SES, OPIC, Lockheed Martin, Crown Agents, Serco, USAID in pursuit of the seven deadly sins.
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Pro & Con Quotes; at its best, promotes and sustains human health, society is obligated to provide access to basic quality health care for all its members." Oct. 16, or that if there was, the federal government would be the best at providing and distributing it to. The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) of The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA) of was signed into law on September 25, , and became effective on January 1,